Historical Attractions in Budapest, Hungary

Dubbed the little Paris of central Europe, it’s not hard to see why Budapest is considered the beautiful city in this part of the world. The capital of Hungary straddles the Danube river and to the west, is the iconic Buda Hills. This historically poignant city is an architectural gem, filled with classic, baroque, neoclassical, Eclectic and art nouveau structures and buildings that will satisfy even the most hardcore architectural buff. There are plenty of things to do in the numerous parks, the museums are filled with cultural treasures, and visitors can ride in the boats taking in the sights along the scenic Danube. After a long day, visit a traditional Turkish-era thermal baths to relax those sore muscles before heading out for Budapest’s pulsating nightlife.                                                         Budapest is certainly one of Europe`s most important cultural centres. The sheer number of museums is evidence of its rich and varied past. It is a city full of museums for all tastes. Budapest is home to one of the most powerful museums in Europe. Illustrating the grim decades of Nazi and Communist repression, the museum is the former headquarters for the secret police of both the Nazi and Communist governments. The House of Terror Museum is unique in its genre. It wishes to set up a monument in memory of those compatriots who were held captive, tortured and killed in the building.                            House of Terror – Located at Andrássy út 60, this startling museum is housed in what was once the HQ of the dreaded ÁVH secret police that became the face of the fascist and communistic dictatorial regimes in 20th century Hungary. The building has a violent and ghastly history, for it was here that many activists who were suspected of opposing the regime were taken for interrogation and torture. Many of the detainees did not make it out alive. The walls were made doubly thick to mute the screams and cries. Opened in February 2002, this museum is also a memorial to the victims of the dictatorial regime. A plaque on the memorial reads in part: ‘We cannot forget the horror of terror, and the victims will always be remembered’. The museum showcases exhibits on the nation’s relationships to Nazi Germany and the Soviet Union. There are also exhibits related to Hungarian organisations such as the fascist Arrow Cross Party and the communist ÁVH.  The museum focuses on the crimes and atrocities committed by both Hungary’s fascist and Stalinist regimes in a permanent exhibition called Double Occupation. But the years after WWII leading up to the 1956 Uprising occupies most of the exhibition space. The tank in the central courtyard is a jarring introduction and the wall outside displaying many of the victims’ photos speaks volumes. Even more ghastly are the reconstructed prison cells aka the ‘gym’ and the final Hall of Tears gallery. Visitors may be uncomfortable with part of the exhibition as it takes visitors to the basement, where they can see examples of the cells that the ÁVH secret police used to break the will and bodies of their prisoners. Given the controversial nature of some of the exhibits, perhaps this is the reason why visitors are not allowed to take photographs or use video cameras inside.

Holocaust Museum–  The Holocaust Memorial Center pays tribute to the victims of the Hungarian Holocaust. The complex, inaugurated in 2004, houses a synagogue, a museum and an inner courtyard with a glass memorial wall dedicated to the over 500,000 victims with their names inscribed on the wall. The building complex is a mix of classical and modern architecture. It incorporates an old synagogue, exhibition halls and documentation archives. The museum’s permanent exhibition “From Deprivation of Rights to Genocide” tells the history of the Holocaust through the stories of individuals in an interactive way. Original documents and personal belongings are on display.  There are also details concerning exactly what happened during the Second World War, and about how the Hungarians helped, or did not help, the Jews in the nation.  In the end of the permanent exhibition you can enter into the synagogue, where you are also allowed to make pictures.

Hospital in the Rock – Part of the Castle Hill caves network, the Hospital in the Rock was built during WWII and was extensively used when Budapest was under siege from 1944-45 and in 1956. It was upgraded and extended to a nuclear bunker in the early ’60s because of the Cold War. Today the exhibition contains original medical equipment as well as some 70 wax figures, and visitors get to learn more about the history of military surgery and civil defense. There are two types of tours available, the 30 minutes and 60 minutes version. We recommend going on the hour long tour as it includes a walk through a Cold War–era nuclear bunker. One of the more popular tourist attractions in Budapest, the exhibition is opened 10 am – 8pm daily.

Whether you are in Budapest for business or pleasure, for a long stay or short
city break, Fraser Residence is one of the most conveniently located hotels in Budapest city centre: off Corvin Promenade on the Pest side of the River Danube, close to shops, restaurants, bars, cafés, Corvin cinema, a supermarket and shopping mall, and a fitness centre with swimming pool and saunas.

Guests of Fraser Residence Budapest enjoy discounted rates at a nearby fitness centre with swimming pool, jacuzzis, saunas and day care for children. Fittingly for a brand new hotel in Budapest, Fraser Residence Budapest boasts contemporary, light, airy design and state-of-the-art technology throughout its 51 guest suites. Choose from spacious studios, fully equipped one- or two-bedroom apartments, or magnificent three-bedroom penthouse suites with a private roof terrace and soaring views over the city. Our serviced apartments in Budapest offer not only full self-catering facilities but a spacious breakfast room serving a generous continental buffet. On sunny days, spill out to a terrace with garden furniture and loungers. Both business and leisure guests will appreciate the high-speed wireless internet, 24-hour reception and concierge, and transfers to and from Budapest airport.


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